Japanese Army and Navy Aircraft Colors

World War II period.

A letter prefix in front of the color name means:

  • A - Army aircraft
  • N - Navy aircraft

A number following the letter is believed to be an arbitrary classification system originated by D.Thorpe.


Imperial Japanese Army aircraft
Color name Comment FS Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S GS T/ MM
A.1 Dark Green Upper camouflage, together with A.2 FS:34094 (34092) Hu:149          
A.2 Olive Green Upper camouflage overall color, or together with A.1 FS:34088 1*Hu:155 + 1*Hu:159 T:XF-13/51? X:X351 P:PCJ91 GS:H60  
A.5 Light Grey Green Upper & lower surfaces FS:35414 5*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:115 + 3*Hu:65 T:XF-14 X:X352 P:PCJ90? GS:H62  
A.6 Dark Grey Upper surfaces FS:36152 4*Hu:156 + 3*Hu:106 + 1*Hu:112 + 1*Hu:34          
A.7 Medium Grey Upper surfaces FS:36293 7*Hu:28 + 2*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:34          
A.9 Light Grey Upper surfaces FS:37722 16*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:72 + 1*Hu:28          
A.11 Dark Brown Upper surfaces FS:30059 (340049) 8*Hu:107 + 1*Hu:33          
A.12 Medium Brown Upper surfaces, spinners FS:30109 (30111) 6*Hu:178 + 4*Hu:70 + 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:107          
A.14 Light Earth Upper surfaces FS:30400 3*Hu:63 + 3*Hu:118 + 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:121          
A.15 Ivory Yellow Upper surfaces FS:30371 Hu:93          
A.22 Deep Blue Upper surfaces FS:35050 Hu:190          
Army Silver     Hu:11 T:XF-16        
Light Green Used togehter with A.1 and A.2 in three-tone schemes FS:34172            
Light Green-Grey Factory undersurface finish of Ki-43 Mod. III onwards FS:36357            
Dark Brown-Green One of factory Top surface finishes of Ki-43 Mod. III onwards FS:30118            
Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft
Color name Comment FS Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S GS T/ MM
N.1 Black Green Upper surfaces FS:34092 Hu:149          
N.2 Dark Green Upper surfaces FS:34077 5*Hu:91 + 1*Hu:116 + 1*Hu:3 T:XF-11 X:X353 P:PCJ92 GS:H59 (N1?)  
N.3 Dark Grey Green Upper surfaces FS:34095 2*Hu:80 + 1*Hu:117          
N.4 Light Grey Green Interior color FS:34226 6*Hu:78 + 3*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:72          
N.5 Bamboo Cockpit interiors FS:34098 12*Hu:150 + 1*Hu:155 + 1*Hu:154          
N.8 Dark Grey Used as upper- and overall color FS:36081 Hu:32          
N.9 Medium Grey Used as upper- and overall color FS:36251 8*Hu:64 + 2*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:106          
N.10 Light Grey Used as upper- and overall color FS:36492 8*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:28 T:XF-12 X:X354 P:PCJ90? GS:H61  
N.17 Brown Upper surfaces FS:30145 4*Hu:110 + 1*Hu:62 (Hu:110) T:XF-10     GS:H37  
N.18 Red Orange Trainer aircraft overall color FS:31400 8*Hu:178 + 1*Hu:60 T:X-13 X:X355   GS:H63  
Mauve Doubtful whether actually existed   6*Hu:34 + 4*Hu:25 + 2*Hu:153 + 2*Hu:64     P:PCJ89 Violet    
Miscellaneous colors
Color name Comment FS Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S GS T/ MM
Aodake Iro (Interior metallic blue) Interior color. Actually a transparent blue-green lacquer on natural metal background   1*Hu:52 + 1*Hu:50 T:X-13 X:X355   GS:H63  
Cockpit Green-Olive   FS:34255            
Cockpit Grey-Green   FS:34226            
Cockpit Khaki-Brown   FS:33448            
Hinomaru Red Initially bright red, faded in time to rusty-pinkish brown (FS 31328) FS:31086            
Identification yellow Used from 1943 for quick-recognition bands on leading edges of fighter a/c FS:33538            
Light Green-Grey fabric primer   FS:36314            
Army/Navy Lt. Olive (greyish) (A./N.21?)     T:XF-22?   P:PCJ94